Selkirk Mountain Caribou Park Proposal

A population of about 85 endangered mountain caribou, primeval Inland Temperate Rainforest with trees up to 1,800 years old, hundreds of species of lichens, rare plants, core habitat for blue-listed grizzly bears and wolverines, and spawning grounds of the bull trout of Kootenay Lake and the Arrow Lakes Reservoir: this is the Selkirk Mountain Caribou Park Proposal. The Valhalla Wilderness Society begins 2011 with the release of this 28-page report chock full of maps and colour photographs.

Download the Fact Sheet (2 pages - PDF)
Download the Proposal (PDF)

Nineteen Environmental Groups Declare State of Emergency
for B.C.’s Mountain Caribou

Nineteen environmental groups signed a joint submission (Nov/06) to the Species at Risk Coordination Office and have now declared a state of emergency. Mountain caribou populations are declining rapidly, the recovery process has almost run out of time, and the current draft Strategy is very far from what is needed to save the mountain caribou.

See Joint Caribou Submission (Download .pdf 28k)

Crisis for Wildlife of Southeastern BC

The BC government released a report by its Mountain Caribou Science Team containing recommendations that could lead to shocking consequences. Options are presented that are based primarily upon increased killing of the predators and competitor species of the mountain caribou, with little or no new protection of habitat.

VWS bulletin on Mountain Caribou Science Team report (696k .pdf)
Large Carnivore Conservation by the Valhalla Wilderness Society (712k .pdf)


BC has the world’s only mountain caribou and they live in the Inland Rainforest Region. The mountain caribou depends upon old-growth forest for its survival. As a result of excessive logging, it is in serious danger of going extinct. With almost 100 animals, the Central Selkirk herd is the most viable of the southern herds. After three years of a federal-provincial recovery process for mountain caribou, there has been no increased protection of the old-growth forest used by these animals.

Forty Two Scientists Urge Full Protection of Old-Growth Forest
to Save Mountain Caribou

Forty-two biologists and botanists have signed a petition urging British Columbia and Canada to fully protect old-growth forest across the range of the endangered mountain caribou.

Press Release

Valhalla Wilderness Society Proposes a New Park
to Protect Old-Growth Forest in the Central Selkirk Mountains

The last remaining habitat for a herd of 100 endangered mountain caribou in the Central Selkirk Mountains is open for continued logging in the coming year. Although the provincial and federal governments are conducting a recovery process for the mountain caribou, they have done nothing to prevent another year of destruction that will take the animals’ life support out from under them. Finally, the Valhalla Wilderness Society has proposed the Selkirk Mountain Caribou Park, as well as Recovery Areas for the rehabilitation of habitat that has already been clearcut.

Download the press release
Download the Fact Sheet
See photographs and maps

Fifty-One Scientists Urge Full Protection of Old-Growth Forest
to Save Mountain Caribou

Fifty-one biologists and botanists have signed a petition urging British Columbia and Canada to fully protect old-growth forest across the range of the endangered mountain caribou.

Fifty-one Scientists' Petition to Government

The Valhalla Wilderness Scoiety is proposing a 251,016-hectare park and 152,207 hectares of Recovery Areas for critical mountain caribou and grizzly bear habitat that has already been logged. This will include:

  • Preservation of most of the critical habitat of the Central Selkirk mountain caribou.
  • Recovery areas for Grizzly bear-Kokanee salmon ecosystems on the Lardeau, Incomappleux and Duncan Rivers.
  • Preservation of BC's most southerly Inland Rainforest with trees up to 1,800 years old and many recently discovered species of lichens new to science.


The key to protecting mountain caribou is large, intact areas of old-growth forest. The Central Selkirks have a number of protected areas, but in this mountainous region the parks contain large amounts of rock, ice, alpine meadows and sparsely treed subalpine slopes. Most of the adjoining forest at mid and low elevations was excluded from the parks so the timber industry could log it. But the caribou need that forest so that is where they tend to stay. The red on the map below shows clearcuts encroaching on the Central Selkirk herd’s critical habitat. The Valhalla Wilderness Society proposal has excluded some of the largest areas of rock and ice because this is a proposal specifically for the protection of old-growth forest.

The mountain caribou is endangered because the old-growth forest is endangered. In losing our old-growth, we are also losing other old-growth dependent species. For instance, many species of rainforest lichens in the Central Selkirks are dependent upon old-growth forest.

67% of the Inland Rainforest Region is forest, but only 17% of the region is old-growth forest that is intact (continuous for 1,000 hectares or more).

About 16% of the region is in protected areas, but only 4.5% of the region is protected, intact, old-growth forest.

The northern half of the region has 2.5 times more protected, intact old-growth than the southern half.

The Valhalla Wilderness Society proposal has been designed to include rare stands of ancient cedar-hemlock forest such as the upper Incomappleux Valley. Recently, nine lichen species new to science were found there. Scientists are studying another 40 potentially new species.


This is in the Incomappleux Valley. There was once a major caribou travel corridor in the valley, but most of it was logged and no one has seen a caribou in the remaining intact forest. Still, it is the most southerly example of rainforest in the BC Interior and it has many 500-1,000-year old trees. Evidence indicates the oldest ones may be 1,800 years old or more. Many of the nearly 300 species of lichens that live there are confined to lower-elevations and many may be wiped out if the old-growth continues to be logged. Logging has left very little of this legacy of ancient forest in the southern part of this region, and the Selkirk Mountain Caribou Park Proposal is where it can be found.


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